Understanding the European Greenhouse Gas Budget:
Towards supporting COP21

Meeting organised by the NERC Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Feedback Programme
Royal Society, London, 8-9 March 2017 (Wed/Thu) - Stakeholder session on Thu afternoon

This two-day meeting reviewed the current state of art of UK greenhouse gas research and monitoring, following recent and ongoing nationwide activities, and discusses key priorities and opportunities for the future. Itl also provided a forum to connect the UK research community with relevant parties from government, industry and other stakeholders.

Agenda and Presentations

The first 1.5 days of the meeting was a multidisciplinary exposition of current GHG research in the UK that fed into discussions on future challenges and opportunities for the UK in the global context. The second half-day was focused on providing accessible material and results that will help transfer knowledge to stakeholders.

Agenda for download (with some more details): PDF (60kB)

Note: Not all presentations can be made available for download, as they contain confidential, copyrighted or unpublished material under an embargo.

Wednesday, 8 March 2017, 10:00-16:30 - Science Meeting

9:30-10:00 Tea and Coffee, Registration

10:00-12:00 Project Overview: The UK Greenhouse Gases Emissions and Feedback Programme
This NERC-funded research programme has developed a programme of comprehensive measurements, data analysis and modelling activities, focusing on the key greenhouse gases (GHGs) carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. Keynote talks present the main aims, structure, results and achievements of this and related initiatives.


Mat Williams (University of Edinburgh): Welcome and Overview (PDF [2.0Mb])

Mat Williams (University of Edinburgh): GREENHOUSE (PDF [7.2MB])

Andy Watson (University of Exeter): RAGNARoCC

Paul Palmer (University of Edinburgh): GAUGE

12:00-13:00 Lunch

13:00-14:30 Key Area 1: Integrated GHG Observing Systems
Building on the integrated UK GHG programme, we are now at the stage where the UK can play a leading science role in a new pan-European GHG observing system via a coherent measurement programme. Invited presentations in this session discuss current observing systems and future needs.


Mat Disney (University College London [UCL]): Earth Observations - Leaf to Landscape (PPTX [250MB] with animations, or PDF [7.0MB] without animations)

Bob Rees (Scotland's Rural College [SRUC]): The Value of Chamber-based N2O Measurements in Developing National Scale Inventories (PDF [1.2MB])

Ute Schuster (University of Exeter): Understanding Surface Ocean Observations

Simon O'Doherty (University of Bristol): Integrated Atmospheric Observing System for GHGs (PDF [2.8MB])

14:30-15:00 Tea and Coffee

15:00-16:30 Key Area 2: Regional GHG budgets
Understanding and quantifying sources and sinks on a regional scale is essential for national and international monitoring and mitigation efforts. Invited presentations summarise recent progress towards regional GHG budgeting from systematic observations and targeted field campaigns, and the remaining challenges.


Ed Comyn-Platt (Centre for Ecology and Hydrology [CEH]): JULES - Land Surface Modelling for UK-scale Applications (PPTX [55.4MB] with animations, or PDF [3.9MB] without animations)

Kairsty Topp (Scotland's Rural College [SRUC]): Regional Modelling of N2O emissions

Elaine McDonagh (National Oceanography Centre Southampton [NOCS]): Circulation-driven variability of North Atlantic anthropogenic carbon transport and uptake

Alice Lebehot (U Exeter): An unpredicted increase in the North Atlantic CO2 sink

Neil Harris (Cranfield University): Using Observations to Understand Regional Budgets (PDF [3.1Mb])

16:30 End (Vacate room by 17.00)

Thursday, 9 March 2017, 9:30-13:00 - Science Meeting (contd.)

9:00-9:30 Registration

9:30-11:00 Key Area 3: Connecting the Scales - bottom-up and top-down
Understanding GHG fluxes requires analysis at multiple scales. In this session, invited speakers discuss how to upscale local measurements to larger scales, and how to use top-down methods to constrain GHG emissions.


Luke Smallman (University of Edinburgh): The Carbon Balance of UK Forests at Fine Resolution (PDF [3.0MB])

Pete Levy (Centre for Ecology and Hydrology [CEH]): Reconciling bottom-up and top-down estimates of GHG fluxes (PDF [932kB])

Yuri Artioli (Plymouth Marine Laboratory [PML]): Monitoring and forecasting the GHG budget of UK Shelf Waters (with ecosystem models) (PDF [1.3MB])

Matt Couldrey (National Oceanography Centre Southampton [NOCS]): Contrasting interannual and multidecadal variability of the North Atlantic carbon sink (PDF [2.3MB])

Matt Rigby (University of Bristol): Connecting the Scales: Bottom-up and Top-down Perspectives on UK Greenhouse Gas Fluxes (PDF [5.0Mb])

11:00-11:20 Tea and Coffee

11:20-12:30 Key Area 4: New Technology
Various new technologies for improved GHG measurements in the ocean, atmosphere and terrestrial biosphere were developed in the last few years during the course of the UK GHG Programme. Invited speaker discuss their technical and logistical aspects.
Speakers include Hartmut Bösch (U Leicester), Sylvia Toet (U York), Andy Watson (U Exeter)


Sylvia Toet (University of York): SkyLine - novel technology for automated high-frequency greenhouse gas flux measurements

Andy Watson (University of Exeter): New technology for ocean measurements of GHGs

Hartmut Bösch (Leicester University): New Technologies for Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Measurements

12:30-13:00 A UK Roadmap for Future GHG Research
Engagement with the whole community of UK GHG researchers has been an important part of the UK GHG Programme. In this session, we present a community-designed roadmap to underpin future GHG science in the UK.

13:00-14:00 Lunch

Thursday, 9 March 2017, 14:00-16:00 - Stakeholder Meeting

13:00-14:00 Lunch and registration

14:00-14:15 The Rationale behind the NERC Greenhouse Gas Programme
Ned Garnett (NERC)

14:15-14:30 The UK Greenhouse Gases Emissions and Feedback Programme - Achievements and Future Challenges


Mat Williams (University of Edinburgh): GREENHOUSE (PPTX [20.7MB] with animations, or PDF [2.2MB] without animations)

Andy Watson (University of Exeter): RAGNARoCC

Paul Palmer (University of Edinburgh): GAUGE

14:30-15:30 Panel Discussion with Q&A: Where do we go from here?
With questions and comments from the floor, the panellists discuss achievements and future challenges for the UK research community needed for understanding regional and global greenhouse gas budgets.
Chair: Helen Czerski (UCL)
Panellists: Jo House (U Bristol), Dave Reay (U. Edinburgh), Amanda Penistone (BEIS), Andy Watson (U Exeter)

15:30-16:00 Tea and Coffee

16:00 End (Vacate room by 17.00)